LECTURE: Passive and Mechanical Systems

passive and mechanical systems.png

All, Today at 2pm in Perlstein Auditorium Professor Rahman Azari will discuss potentials for passive and mechanical systems for heating, cooling and ventilating our boathouse projects.   See you there.

 

 

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ASSIGNMENT 2D: ASSEMBLY

2D: ASSEMBLY

SYSTEMS+EXPERIENCE

overview:

With agendas distilled and Parti in place, the final steps in the design of the Chicago Rowing Club are to finalize the design of the building systems and spatial experiences.  The most successful projects will use the developed Parti to lead the design process for every one of these systems and experiences, allowing the building systems and experiences to fully embody the idea, just as the programmatic organization or site strategies have.

objectives:

– learn to use your Parti as the primary driver of all building systems and building experiences

– develop and produce plans and sections that investigate and convey space and experience through intelligent and creative use of drawing conventions.

– understand the relationship between building systems and spatial experience.

– develop structural frames and enclosure systems that embody the larger ideas and ideals of a project.

criteria/program:

SYSTEMS

The key systems that should be considered are as follows:

STRUCTURAL SYSTEM

Starting from the ground, develop a building frame that satisfies the complex issues of creating a form, resolving all typical building loads necessary to support the building while still advancing your design agenda as much as necessary to satisfy your larger design intent.

Consider the following as you develop your structural system.

– Does your structural system have a common and/or governing logic for resolving all of the parts in relation to the whole?

– Have you studied alternatives and variations that meet your specific criteria and analyzed their pros and cons?

– Not that is must, but does your structure satisfy a broader agenda?  If so, how?  If not, why not?

– Is your structural system exposed or is it concealed, and what is your process for determining the most appropriate answer to these questions?

ENCLOSURE SYSTEM

Develop an enclosure system or series of enclosures, composed of all necessary parts to control the environmental stability of your Boathouse as well as satisfying the larger design agendas you have established through your Parti.

Remember, envelopes are the primary means of controlling visual and physical access to our buildings as well as energy transmission to and from the spaces we create.  As such, we should consider these primary systems in the development of our enclosures:

Aesthetic – Both from the interior of the building and the exterior of the building, the enclosure system, often in conjunction with the structural system, forms the visual expression of our buildings, and this expression must be considered and developed with intent.  The agenda for the expression should be developed initially from our Parti and realized through the specific use of materials, their connections and compositions.

Thermal – This system embodies the control of energy and moisture through the envelop and includes the primary means of waterproofing and insulating a building, as well as controlling the passage of water vapor.  These elements should form continuous lines of control and protection, and should only be compromised when absolutely necessary to satisfy other, and more important, agendas.

Use – Elements such as doorways and windows facilitate use, circulation and view, and must be manipulated strategically to choreograph a users experience in and through a building, and it, too, should be developed in conjunction with your larger Parti to become one with your overall design agenda.

EXPERIENTIAL SYSTEMS

Working with light, material, boundary, structure, circulation, use, furniture, scale, texture, threshold, etc, you should continue to build on your ideas from the inside out, working in as much detail as possible to fully develop the spaces of your monastery, and perhaps more importantly, the transitions between the spaces.

Thoughts as you develop the material and experiential systems of the building:

–          Is there a particular narrative that can be developed to shape the experiential systems of the project?

–          How can past/future/alternative agendas be folded into the mix using experiential systems?

–          How do decisions regarding structural and enclosure systems affect spatial experiences?

deliverables:

There are no explicit deliverables for this phase of the project.  You should be working towards developing the necessary drawings and models for your final review.  Drawings can and should include any information necessary to convey your process and your broader intent.

The key to successful project development is to be working at multiple scales continuously.  Site scaled drawings and detail scaled drawings should be utilized at all times over the next several weeks.  The same is true for the use of models.  You should be working with both building and site scaled models as well as larger scaled spatial experience models concurrently.

finish!_hybrid building part 2

“Building Hybrid”  

overview:

Finish.

As with every building design project, once the driving principles have been established, the architect’s job is to then turn the idea into a building by developing and composing the building systems into space. Your job is to now complete the design of your hybrid through the development of the key building systems – plan, section, structure, material and enclosure. A successful project will use the developed hybrid concepts and organizing principles to lead the design process for every one of these systems, allowing the building systems to fully embody the idea, just as the programmatic organizations and site strategies have.

One catch – because your buildings are large, and the time is short, we will be finalizing just a portion of your building project.  Choose the most compelling area/section/spaces of your project totaling roughly 3000-5000 square feet.  The area you choose must include at least two exterior walls, and 3 interior structural bays – roughly.  We will finalize the design of the project primarily in model form.

 NOTE: Processes will differ between studio.  As always, please defer to your studio instructor for deviations or further specifics.

objectives:

– learn to use your concepts and organizing principles as the primary driver of all building systems

– understand the relationship between building systems and spatial experience.

– develop structural frames and enclosure systems that embody the larger ideas and ideals of a project.

– understand the performance criteria of an enclosure system and learn to develop enclosure systems that meet those functional requirements while advancing design agendas.

– design primarily in model form

 

considerations:

STRUCTURAL SYSTEM

Starting from the ground, develop a building frame that satisfies the complex issues of creating a form, resolving all typical building loads necessary to support the building while still advancing your design agenda as much as necessary to satisfy your larger design intent.

Consider the following as you develop your structural system.

– Does your structural system have a common and/or governing logic for resolving all of the parts in relation to the whole?

– Have you studied alternatives and variations that meet your specific criteria and analyzed their pros and cons?

– Does your structure satisfy a broader agenda?  If so, how?  If not, why not?

– Is your structural system exposed or is it concealed, and what is your process for determining the most appropriate answer to these questions?

 

PLAN AND SECTION

Using conventional drawing means, develop detailed plans and sections for the portion of your Hybrid.  Plan and Section are two of the most typical and useful means of communicating space and spatial relationships, but they should also be used as a means of investigation and exploration.

To draw successful plans and sections, it is critical to have an intent for the drawings.  Consider the varieties of systems we have been working with and designing and determine methods for communicating each of these systems in your drawings.  Let the convention of drawing also find ways to express your larger ideas and agendas.

When investigating, consider the following:

– the thickness of your lines

– the thickness of your systems (walls, enclosure)

– materiality

– interior versus exterior

– poche

– building systems (circulation, use, structure)

– context

 

ENVELOPE

Develop an enclosure system that controls the environmental stability of your Hybrid as well as satisfies the larger design agendas you have established through your process.

Remember, an envelope is the primary means of controlling visual and physical access to our buildings as well as energy transmission to and from the spaces we create.  As such, we should consider these primary systems in the development of our enclosures:

Aesthetic – Both from the interior of the building and the exterior of the building, the enclosure system, often in conjunction with the structural system, forms the visual expression of our buildings, and this expression must be considered and developed with intent.  The agenda for the expression should be developed initially from our design process and realized through the specific use of materials, their connections and compositions.

Thermal – This system embodies the control of energy and moisture through the envelop and includes the primary means of waterproofing and insulating a building, as well as controlling the passage of water vapor.  These elements should form continuous lines of control and protection, and should only be compromised when absolutely necessary to satisfy other, and more important, agendas.

Use – Elements such as doorways and windows facilitate use, circulation and view, and must be manipulated strategically to choreograph a users experience in and through a building, and it, too, should be developed in conjunction with your larger agenda to become one with your overall design agenda.

deliverables (DUE – November 20, 2013, 9am – FINAL REVIEWS):

The primary deliverable for the final project will be a larger scale model, roughly ⅜” = 1’-0”.  The model should clearly detail the design, use and spatial experience of the most compelling parts of your Hybrid.  Additional deliverables for this phase will be any necessary drawings, models and visualizations to convey the development of these systems and the overall design for your project.   Drawings can and should include any information necessary to convey your process and your broader intent, including diagrams, sketches, and study models.   Drawings will not be limited but should include at a minimum, building/site plans and building/site sections, enlarged spatial sections that convey the relationship between the structure, enclosure and spatial experience, and any other drawings or representations necessary to convey the materiality and spatial experience of your project and its desired effect.

All information should be composed on individual 11×17’s pages oriented horizontally.

Assignment 4b: Building Systems

BUILDING SYSTEMS

overview:
As with every building design project, once the driving principles have been established, the architect’s job is to then turn the idea into a building by developing and composing the building systems into space.  Your job is to now complete the design of the Lincoln Park Boathouse through the development of the key building systems – plan, section, structure and enclosure.   A great project will use the developed Parti to lead the design process for every one of these systems, allowing the building systems to fully embody the idea, just as the programmatic organization or site strategies have.

objectives:
– learn to use your Parti as the primary driver of all building systems
– develop and produce plans and sections that investigate and convey space and experience through intelligent and creative use of drawing conventions.
– understand the relationship between building systems and spatial experience.
– develop structural frames and enclosure systems that embody the larger ideas and ideals of a project.
– understand the performance criteria of an enclosure system and learn to develop enclosure systems that meet those functional requirements while advancing design agendas.

criteria/program:
PART 1 – STRUCTURAL SYSTEM
Starting from the ground, develop a building frame that satisfies the complex issues of creating a form, resolving all typical building loads necessary to support the building while still advancing your design agenda as much as necessary to satisfy your larger design intent.

Consider the following as you develop your structural system.
– Does your structural system have a common and/or governing logic for resolving all of the parts in relation to the whole?
– Have you studied alternatives and variations that meet your specific criteria and analyzed their pros and cons?
– Does your structure satisfy a broader agenda?  If so, how?  If not, why not?
– Is your structural system exposed or is it concealed, and what is your process for determining the most appropriate answer to these questions?

PART 2 – PLAN AND SECTION
Using conventional drawing means, develop detailed plans and sections for your Boathouse.   Plan and Section are two of the most typical and useful means of communicating space and spatial relationships, but they should also be used as a means of investigation and exploration.

To draw successful plans and sections, it is critical to have an intent for the drawings.  Consider the varieties of systems we have been working with and designing and determine methods for communicating each of these systems in your drawings.  Let the convention of drawing also find ways to express your larger ideas and agendas.

When investigating, consider the following:
– the thickness of your lines
– the thickness of your systems (walls, enclosure)
– materiality
– interior versus exterior
– poche
– building systems (circulation, use, structure)
– context

PART 3 – ENVELOPE
Develop an enclosure system, composed of all of the parts/systems discussed in our Box for Boats assignment and Wall Section lecture, that controls the environmental stability of your Boathouse as well as satisfies the larger design agendas you have established through your Parti.

Remember, an envelope is the primary means of controlling visual and physical access to our buildings as well as energy transmission to and from the spaces we create.  As such, we should consider these primary systems in the development of our enclosures:

Aesthetic – Both from the interior of the building and the exterior of the building, the enclosure system, often in conjunction with the structural system, forms the visual expression of our buildings, and this expression must be considered and developed with intent.  The agenda for the expression should be developed initially from our Parti and realized through the specific use of materials, their connections and compositions.

Thermal – This system embodies the control of energy and moisture through the envelope and includes the primary means of waterproofing and insulating a building, as well as controlling the passage of water vapor.  These elements should form continuous lines of control and protection, and should only be compromised when absolutely necessary to satisfy other, and more important, agendas.

Use – Elements such as doorways and windows facilitate use, circulation and view, and must be manipulated strategically to choreograph a users experience in and through a building, and it, too, should be developed in conjunction with your larger Parti to become one with your overall design agenda.

deliverables:
The deliverables for this phase will be any necessary drawings, models and visualizations to convey the development of these systems and the overall design for your Boathouse project.   Drawings can and should include any information necessary to convey your process and your broader intent, including diagrams and Parti’s.   Drawings will not be limited but should include at a minimum, building plans and building/site sections, a minimum of 2 enlarged details/wall sections that convey the details and relationship of your structure and enclosure, and representations necessary to convey the materiality of your project and its desired effect.   Other drawings that attempt to convey the spatial experience of your boathouse are strongly encouraged.

Models can include any massing or study models, or enlarged enclosure/structural models.  Models will not be limited, but at a minimum a well-considered study/massing model and a model representing your building frame at a minimum scale of 1/16” will be required.

All information should be composed on individual 11×17’s pages oriented horizontally.