ASSIGNMENT 2a: Precedent and Program

2a: precedent analysis and space programming


Our first step will be to investigate the building typology and program through an intensive research and precedent analysis phase.  


– perform thorough research on an unknown building typology

– research and document specific ski lodge precedents for comparison and analysis

– develop a detailed space program from your research and building planning exercises

precedent research/analysis (due Monday, February 5th):

Begin your investigation through an in-depth analysis of existing examples of the typology.  Develop either an analytical drawing or model (or drawings and models) by investigating multiple examples from the below list, and comparing a minimum of two of them.   Comparative analysis can take the form of detailed building program analysis, conceptual/agenda analysis, spatial analysis, structural analysis, system analysis or enclosure  analysis.  Analysis should take the form of new analytical drawings or models created by you – not replicated from existing publications.

Instead of grasping at new criteria for analysis and investigation, start your precedent analysis and research by translating the same criteria that shaped your ASCENT project.  The terms presented at the ASCENT review represent clear criteria that you can use to begin your precedent research and analysis.  Those categories of analysis were as follows:

  • Operational / Actions on Materials
  • Site Specific / Narrative Based
  • Structural
  • Systematic / Modular
  • Body Movement / Circulation / Sculptural


The list of precedent projects you may choose from are as follows:

Ski related facilities

Monte Rosa Hut,Zer­matt,  Bearth & Deplazes Architekten

Chairlift Car­menna, Arosa,  Bearth & Deplazes Architekten

New Tracuit Hut, Zinal, Savioz Fabrizzi Architectes

Camping Luca Vuerich, Julian Alps, Giovanni Pesamosca Architetto

Chäserrugg, Toggenburg, Herzog de Meuron

Mountain restaurant Björk, Hemavan, Murman Architects

ICE-Q, Sölden, obermoser arch-omo zt gmbh

Giggijochbahn, Sölden, obermoser arch-omo zt gmbh

Visitors’ Centre at Flaine Resort, Flaine, R-Architecture

Building on the slope (minimal impact on the ground)

Zinc Mine Museum, Sauda, Peter Zumthor

Saint Benedict Chapel, Sumvitg, Peter Zumthor

The Peak Leisure Club, Hong Kong, Zaha Hadid

Tanikawa House, Naganohara, Kazuo Shinohara

Sturges House, Brentwood, Frank Lloyd Wright

Two Houses, Ponte de Lima, Eduardo Souto de Moura

Rolling Huts, Mazama,  Olson Kundig

Sol Duc Cabin, Olympic Peninsula, Olson Kundig

Tree Hotel, Harads,Tham & Videgård Arkitekter

Casa de Vidro, Sao Paulo, Lina bo Bardi

Kiyomizu-dera Temple, Kyoto

Building in the slope (working with the ground)

Earth House, Vals, SeArch

Tolo House, Ribeira, Alvaro Siza Vieira

Taschen House, Los Angeles, OMA

Poli House, Coliumo, Pezo Von Ellrichshausen

Office in the Woods, Madrid, Selgascano

Villa Malaparte,Capri, Adalberto Libera

Museum of Contemporary Art, Lima, Productora

Casa Blas, Valle de Bravo, Productora

House in Balsthal, Pascal Flammer

Tama Art University Library, Toyo Ito

Grace Farms, New Canaan, SANAA

Building in the slope

Ricardo Legorreta, Casa en Valle de Bravo, Mexico, 1973

Alvar Aalto, Maison Luise Carre, Bazoches-sur-Guyonnes, France, 1956-59

Hans Scherer, Strickler & Weber, Mühlehalde Terrace Housing, Umiken, Switzerland, 1963-71

Geoffrey Bawa, A.S.H. De Silva House, Galle, Sri Lanka, 1959

Alvar Aalto, Terrace Housing at Kauttua, Finland, 1938

Eduardo Souto de Moura,2 Houses, Ponte de Lima, Portugal , 2003-12

Kikutake & Kiyonori, Pasadena Heights, Mishima, Japan, 1974

Tadao Ando, Rokko Housing I, II and III, Kobe, Japan, 1981-1998Renzo Piano Building

Worshop, Punta Nave (Genoa), Italy, 1989-1991

Sergio Fernandez, House in Caminha, Rua da Fraga, Caminha, Portugal, 1973

Alvaro Leite Siza, Tolo House, Lugar das Carvalhinhas, Alvite, Paroquia de Cerva, Comunidad Ribeira da Pena, Distrito de Vila Real, Portugal, 2005

José Antonio Coderch, Torre Valentina, Costa Brava, España

space program (due Friday, February 9th)-

On Friday, February 2nd we will have an in studio workshop to develop the basic building planning ‘building blocks’ for each space in the program.  In studio, we will each draw the basic ‘building blocks’ in both plan and section to house each specified functions of the program.  We will use what we have learned about each of the spaces through our planning drawings and from your precedent research to construct the required space requirements (size and scale, not design) and use these establish the square footages and volumes detailed within your own individual space program spreadsheet.


You will then use those building blocks to establish a space program document that will serve as your final space guideline for the design of the ski lodge.  A template will be provided, and a final living document will be discussed in class.


ASSIGNMENT 3A: IDEAhaus (program/site/concept)

3A_IDEAhaus (program/site/concept)

Download assignment here: S15 ARCH 306_ASSIGNMENT 3A_IDEAhaus


IDEAhaus is a new Chicago Institution. Owned and operated by the City of Chicago, IDEAhaus is a network of buildings spread out across Chicago intended to establish a framework for community involvement and engagement. Individually, each building is defined by the specific needs of its site and context providing places for the community to MEET, MAKE and PERFORM, fostering public programs and potentials that are as diverse as the network of neighborhoods that make up Chicago.

You are now asked to specify the use program for the IDEAhaus, define a specific site for the building within your AREA OF INTEREST, and to develop and refine the primary motivations for the design of the facility.


– Develop a specific use program for the IDEAhaus

– Complete the necessary research to fully vet the site selection and use program

– Familiarize yourself with Quantum GIS software

– Learn how to create shape files with specific criteria in QGIS

– Select a site for the IDEAhaus within your area of interest and substantiate that location through GIS mapping and analysis.

– Practice quickly exploring concepts through modeling

– Develop and test concepts for the IDEAhaus

– Present a compelling argument for your IDEAhaus at Midterm review.



Develop a specific use program for the IDEAhaus specific to your research and area of interest.  Mine your AREA OF INTEREST for it’s INFRA and develop a use program that improves, exploits, contradicts, etc, that framework.

Though simple, the programs can have a range of implications depending on where in the city they exist. What does meeting, making and performing mean across the city?


Identify potential sites and analyse their suitability. Select a site within your AREA OF INTEREST for the IDEAhaus.  The site should be no larger than 30,000sf.  The site can be any open, vacant or empty lot or any portion of open lot or parking lot. Proof of specific ownership is not essential.  You will be asked to substantiate your chosen site through the use of GIS mapping.

Using the Quantum GIS software, you will be asked to overlay existing and newly created datasets to substantiate a specific site selection.  Site selection will be contingent on the IDEAhaus’ specific use program and the agendas and criterias you have developed for the design of the facility.

NOTE:  You must generate multiple of your own shape files or data sets to map.  Existing GIS data is useful, but will not be adequate to substantiate your site selections.


With use program and site selection established, develop agendas/concepts/motivations for the design of the IDEAhaus and through an iterative process, establish the most appropriate design path/process.

Produce diagrams that explore intent, and produce massing studies that test that intent in place.  You are encouraged to continue to explore possibilities using your site model from the Assemblage investigation.

Develop your design with the necessary documentation to adequately describe the site location, site substantiation, site influences, programmatic influences, programmatic adjacencies and form or massing for the design at your Midterm Review presentation.

IDEAhaus program and site  brief:

– a new Chicago institution.  a network of buildings across the city

– +/-20,000sf

– max 10,000sf footprint

– minimum (FAR) of .75.  maximum FAR of 2(+/-).



  1. What are the potential impacts of your project’s siting and program to your Area of Interest?
  2. What are the influences of the area on your IDEAhaus?
  3. How can the  IDEAhaus interface with your area of Interest?

schedule (key dates):

W         Feb 11              Assignment Launch / Program brief

F          Feb 13              GIS intro lecture / desk crits

M         Feb 16              Program research due

F          Feb 20              GIS lecture / desk crits

M         Feb 23              Concept modeling workshop

F          Feb 27              Cincinnati Field Trip

W         March 11           Mid-term Review


Midterm Review: Wednesday, March 11th, 2015, 2-6pm, Upper Core:

  1.  Programmatic diagrams or research that describe specific uses for the IDEAhaus.
  2.  Minimum one (1) GIS map with a minimum of 3 datasets that have been customized to substantiate choices for IDEAhaus site.
  3. Parti sketch/diagrams supporting your overall concept.
  4. Concept/diagrammatic models in place on an individual site model that describes at a minimum all adjacent buildings and streets.
  5.  Diagrammatic plans and sections that described spatial conditions and sequences.
  6.  Representative drawings that demonstrate spatial experience.


“Building Hybrid”  

From the Chicago Tribune  (Section 1, Page 20, 10/06/2013):

A century ago civic architect Daniel Burnham mapped a physical future for this city. He had intended to design social remedies as well but didn’t deliver. Today, with education failures, joblessness, crime and other intertwined challenges confronting Chicago with the fourth great crisis of its 176 years, the Tribune invites readers and organizations to finish Burnham’s work — to address the imperiled livability, uneven prosperity and desperate public finances that have driven residents to leave by the hundreds of thousands. In coming months, you, and we, will explore how this metropolis can better survive and thrive. Together, our mission echoes Burnham’s: Make no little plans.


The Metropolis is a dynamic context with both unparalleled potentials and challenges.  To face both, our thinking must be equally dynamic.

For the remainder of the semester, we will design and develop an architectural project that explores these potentials and challenges by creating new hybrid typologies that respond to the ever changing Metropolis.  Our research and exploration will be based on the existing demographic, social, political, architectural and technical conditions, and we will define new criteria and tools for developing original hybrid solutions that position buildings to remain relevant and responsive in our continually evolving culture.

We will work on two sites, one on Michigan Avenue and one on Fulton Market, and we will design a Hybrid Building that is to combine several disparate activities into a single building that is greater than the sum of its parts.  For each project you will be given a specific site, context and base building program.  You will explore that context and program, and develop new uses to hybridize with the base building.  With those, you will develop strategies and operations for exploring the potentials of their adjacency, and develop an authentic solution for a new building.


– perform research on building use and unknown building typologies and evolve new typologies to address current conditions.

research and document specific contexts and situations that contribute to current social, economic and political conditions

– develop a detailed space program from your research and building planning exercises

– use research to formulate problems and questions that are answered and transformed through your design process

– show different ways how critical components of your research and analyses get synthesized towards a design solution

– frame a position (or set of positions) on behalf of your analysis and in support of your conclusions.

– communicate your ideas precisely and deliver compelling and reasoned arguments

– represent your ideas through focused visual communication

– formulate an evocative representation of a design intent.

– lead a conversation of your ideas and work

– learn to see a building program as a list of uses as opposed to a list of spaces, and mine those uses for their potential to become building strategy


program exploration (due Friday, October 10th, 2pm):

You have already begun this project.  Your work from the past two weeks has given you new lenses through which to explore and analyze both  base building programs AND new programs to hybridize into the Hybrid Building.  Through these lenses, research the context of your particular project.  Establish the history of the situation, and the unique challenges and potentials presented by the design problem.   Research the variety of uses or potential uses that may ultimately compose the final hybrid solution, and critique their potentials.  Develop questions that begin to form the frameworks for design solutions and establish criteria and agendas for answering or refining the questions through a design process.  Agree to and standardize a format for researching the context within your studio, and present your findings on Friday, October 10th.

At the minimum, your research must document the following:

  1.  What is the history of your particular building/site context?
  2. Are there unique site conditions that contribute to the current situation?
  3. What are the potential programmatic uses for the hybrid design solution?
  4.  What are the specifics for each particular use?  Necessity?  Size? Connections between various other uses?
  5.  What questions are generated by the design problem?  What questions could be answered by the potential hybrid solution?
  6.  What problems exist with the current context/situation?  What problems could be created by the particular hybrid solution?

regulating systems deconstruction (deliverables per studio)

Architecture, the activity within, and the spaces and experiences that are developed within are shaped by the assembly of a multitude of building systems.  The richness and quality  of these experiences is directly related to the expert development and manipulation of these building systems.  The architect must analyze, prioritize and then weave these systems together in concert with one and other to develop solutions that are layered, responsive and relevant.

Following the Regulating Systems lecture on Friday October 10th, you will be asked to choose a regulating system for the project and deconstruct it by analyzing it fully.  The regulating systems will become our lenses and we will filter our programmatic explorations through these new lenses to develop new potentials and strategies for hybridizing our building solutions.

concept/concept modeling (concepting workshop in studio, Friday October 17th)

“Creativity is just connecting things. When you ask creative people how they did something, they feel a little guilty because they didn’t really do it, they just saw something. It seemed obvious to them after a while. That’s because they were able to connect experiences they’ve had and synthesize new things. -Steve Jobs

On Friday October 17th and over the following weekend, you will explore operational strategies for developing and demonstrating concepts for hybridization.  These strategies will not be representational, but more generative.  You will be asked to bring a variety of modeling supplies, and then explore the nature of the material and operations relevant to your developing notions of hybridization and build several concept models for your project.

More details on the concept modeling workshop to follow.

Parti/schematic design plan diagrams/schematic study model (due Monday, October 27th, 2pm – Midterm Review):

A Parti, from the French prendre parti meaning “to make a decision”, is often referred to as the big idea, and is the chief organizing thought or decision behind an architect’s design presented in the form of basic diagrams, models and/or simple statements.

Develop a presentation that frames your strategy by presenting your design process across scale and medium.  Convey the relevant analysis across scales. The success of this dialogue relies on your ability to frame your position and formulate questions.  Begin by clarifying your objectives and criteria. Where has your analysis led you, and what is now driving your process?  Frame the presentation as a curated set of drawings/images/diagrams and models.   Present your work with the intent of developing a conversation regarding the potential of your concept. A clear composition, a well-rehearsed and choreographed presentation, and artifacts of your process which show your design intent will allow for a deep and rich conversation.

schedule (key dates only):

F 03 Oct Project Launch, Modernity and Hybridity Lecture

F 10 Oct Program Research presentations, in studio, Regulating Systems Lecture

M 13 Oct NO CLASS, Fall Break

F 17 Oct Concepting Workshop (2pm, in studio, information will be provided prior)

M 20 Oct Regulating systems exploration due

W 22 Oct MCHAP Event, Attendance is required, NO STUDIO CLASS

M 27 Oct MID-TERM PRESENTATION, 2-6pm, Crown Hall Upper Core


For internal reviews between now and the midterm presentation, use criteria established in studio and your own agendas to properly document and present your process.

Note:  It is critical to develop a process that is at any given moment presentable.  Eliminate the threshold that you see as the place where design stops and presentation begins.  Always produce well crafted drawings and models that are properly formatted for presentation at any given moment.  This is the ultimate time saving strategy.

For the midterm (10/27/14) at the minimum you must present:

  1.  The key components of your research/analysis that have informed your current position. That is, your guide for how you plan to organize your work “on the wall”.
  2. A specific set of questions for your classmates and jurors during your presentation.
  3.  A comprehensive composition of artifacts/representations of your research and design work to date including research documentation, design process artifacts (sketches, study models, etc),  plan/programming diagrams, and a study model. These are the drawings and models that, in speaking for themselves, clearly present and substantiate your current design.  They should answer WHY, WHAT and HOW on their own terms, without your additional verbal support.

Assignment 2a_Use Mapping (Kulturhus program)

S14_3_Use Mapping (Kulturhus program)


Excerpt from Sylvie & Bruno, Lewis Caroll:

“And then came the grandest idea of all! We actually made a map of the country, on the scale of a mile to the mile!”

“Have you used it much?” I enquired.

“It has never been spread out, yet,” said Mein Herr. “The farmers objected: they said it would cover the whole country, and shut out the sunlight! So we now use the country itself, as its own map, and I assure you it does nearly as well.”

The program students will be asked to write will embody similar tensions.  It’s a speculation that reflects the student’s interpretation of the territory.  Students will devote themselves to making that fiction seem completely inhabitable.

“Now that I am awake I still find this dream as masterly as when i slept.” –Salvador Dali

“These false facts relate to the real world as spies to a given society: the more conventional and unnoted their existence, the better they can devote themselves to that society’s destruction.” –Rem Koolhaas



– Develop a use program for the Culture House / Activity Center

– Prove the validity/relevance of the use program through GIS mapping and analysis.

– Evaluate your AREA OF INTEREST for the proper site for the Culture House / Activity Center

– Prove the validity / relevance of your choice through GIS mapping and analysis.



Develop a use program for the Kulturhus.  Mine your AREA OF INTEREST for it’s infrastructure and develop a use program that improves, exploits, contradicts, etc, that framework.

Substantiate your use program through GIS mapping.  Use QGIS software and the various data sources available to you, and in conjunction with your fieldwork, produce mapped documentation that validate your hypothethis for the use program of the Kulturhus.

Further, use the use mapping and program substantiation to propose a location for the Kulturhus within the AREA OF INTEREST.



Kulturhus brief:

– a new Chicago institution.  a network of buildings across the city  conceived as a collaboration between the Chicago Park District and the Chicago Transit Authority

– +/-20,000sf

– max 8000sf footprint

– min 3 primary uses

– min 2 stories

– agent of the place

-adjacent to CTA transit (bus, bike, train)



1. Is the relationship between the parts complimentary or not/complimentary?  Why?

2.  How will the Kulturhus ACT in the place?  How will it have agency?




F 1/24 Institution as Agent Lecture / programming conversation in studio

M 1/27 Draft use program due / desk crits / GIS intro lecture 4p

W 1/29 Initial GIS maps, substantiation due / GIS lecture 2p

F 1/31 Institution Symposium / Second draft use program due / GIS maps refines

M 02/03 Use mapping due / in class critique



For an in studio pin up review/conversation on Monday, February 3:

1.  Use program matrix that defines use, size, audience, scale of engagement and class of use.

2.  GIS mapping that substantiates choices for use and location.

3.  Written statement of cultural  effects/result of Kulturhus.  Verbally diagram the relationship and chemistry between the ingredients of the Kulturhus and the neighborhood.


Workshop 2: Program Strategy_Modeling Program

Workshop 2: Program Strategy_Modeling Program


Understand that a program is not a set of requirements as much as it is generator of ideas and space.  It is not a set of rules as it is a set of opportunities.

Materials and Tools:

1. Larger format paper and writing/drawing instruments.

2.  1/2″ thick minimum foam, glue or pins and cutting apparatus for construction of massing models.

3. Site plan of building at roughly 1″=20′-0″ laminated to foam core, cardboard, wood, etc.


 TIME                    ACTIVITY                                

2:00pm                 Introduction (West Studio)

30 min                  Part 1

15 min                  Group Discussion

45 min                  Part 2

15 min                  Group Presentation

45 min                  Part 3

15 min                  Group Presentation

Workshop Description:


This program strategy workshop will be divided into three parts.  Analysis of hypothetical program, analysis of HYBRID program, and modeling of hybrid program.

 Part 1:

You are to analyze the program below using one of the 6 criteria or lenses listed below.  Working in teams of two, you will be assigned one of the lenses, and you will have 30 minutes to complete the analysis for the given program.  These are specific, purposeful and clear analytical tasks.  Thought and creativity are encouraged, but do not use them to ignore the assignment.  While you will be asked to perform only one of the 7 forms of analysis, you should familiarize yourself with endeavor to absorb each of these into your future design purposes.


– a space to enter

– a space to live

– a space to work

– a space to sleep

– a space to eat

– a space to cook

– a space to study

– a space for hygiene

– a space for play

– a space for a vehicle

Programming Lenses (see diagrams below in Production Considerations)

– Program Relationship/Permutation Matrix:  Explore the potential relationships each space has to every other space in the form of a matrix.

– Movement Patterns:  Diagram all movement patterns through the program with regards to function, time or something else.  Diagrams could be sketches, graphs, assemblies, etc.

– Scenarios by Occupant:  Develop scenarios and narratives for individual users or user groups.  Develop written narratives and hypothesis for each occupant regarding their relationship to the space.

– Physical Data, Object Volumes and Circulation Shapes:  What are the physical sizes and volumes of the elements that will occupy the space and what are the physical requirements of their movements? (i.e. walking a boat from storage bay to water)  Produce measured (to scale) drawings of the objects within the space and their constraints.

– Material and Environmental Considerations:  Note material or environmental considerations for each element or space of program.  (i.e. hard, soft, warm, cold)  Describe impressions of each space as they relate to material and the environment.

– Enclosure/View:  Determine rules/opportunities for enclosure for each space and/or the proximity to such enclosure.  Consider views, etc.  A narrative or matrix could be used to analyze these conditions.

Part 2:

Working alone or in pairs, choose two or three of the programmatic uses from  your proposed HYBRID building, and perform the same programming analysis using a minimum of two of the above lenses.

Part 3:  4D (formal) Programming

Now working alone and using the same uses (and more) from Part 2, establish volumetric assumptions and relationships for the programmatic elements.  Evaluate volumes of activities based on use, square footage, height, hierarchy, significance,  time, frequency, orientation in the form of measured and scaled massing models.  Create volumes for each of the uses of your proposed HYBRID buildings and build a minimum of 3 massing/study models that explore the consequence of various spatial relationships between the uses.

NOTE: Generate the forms and relationships based on the rules and criteria established through thoughtful and honest analysis.