“Hybrid Precedent Deconstruction”
“A great building must begin with the immeasurable, must go through measurable means when it is being designed, and in the end must be unmeasurable..” Louis Kahn
Analysis, originating from the Greek roots ana-(up) and luein or lyein (loosen), meaning to break up, unloosen or untie, can be defined as follows:
– A detailed examination of the elements or structure of something, typically as a basis for discussion or interpretation.
– The process of separating something into its constituent elements.
To begin our design project this semester, we will start with an analytical and representational study of an existing HYBRID buildings and/or space precedents – their program, place, context and experience. We will take apart their complexity into their components so that that their meaning and impact on our life becomes apparent. This dissection is an approach that is essential to the design process. In order to create the immeasurable, we must train ourselves to understand and employ measurable means.
– perform thorough research on various unknown and unconventional building typologies
– analyze the program, place, context, function, and architecture of precedent Hybrids
– construct situations (context and history) that warrant hybrid solutions
– critically evaluate and critique hybridization in precedent projects
– explore strategies for dissecting and analysing existing building concepts
– explore graphic representations of program and concept
– develop representational strategies for context, use, material, sequence, and experience
– communicate programmatic complexity and specificity in the context of an annotated drawing set and/or, concept model
– produce quality through refinement.
With a partner, you are to research the content, context, culture and space of a precedent Hybrid (chosen from the following, and negotiated in your sections with each other and your professor):
1. Baths at Caracalla, Rome, Italy, (AD 216)
2. Fiat Lingotto Factory, Turin, Italy (Giacomo Matte-Trucco, 1923, Renzo Piano)
3. Eames House, Los Angeles, California (Charles and Ray Eames, 1949)
4. Centre Pompidou, Paris, France, (Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers, 1979)
5. A8erna, Amsterdam, Netherlands (NL Architects, 2003)
6. Maritime Youth House, Copenhagen, Denmark (PLOT, 2003)
7. Seattle Public Library, OMA, 2004
8. Highline, New York, New York, (Field Operations, 2011)
9. Miami Beach Parking Garage, 1111 Lincoln Road,Miami, Florida (Herzog & De Meuron, 2011)
10. Market Hall, Amsterdam, Netherlands (MVRDV, 2014)
11. Amagerforbraending (waste treatment plant and ski run), Copenhagen, Denmark (BIG architects, 2016)
12. Bryhus Project, Copenhagen, Denmark (OMA, 2018)
1. Read excerpt from ‘Delirious New York – Downtown Athletic Club’. Select your partner and precedent Hybrid. Compile and analyze drawings, readings, and historical and contemporary written accounts of the precedent Hybrid. You will need both orthographic drawings (plans and sections) as well documents that inform your understanding of the social/political/spatial context that surround the project. The goal here is to understand both the use and context thoroughly.
2. Deconstruct the concept(s) and uses in the building, and analyze the project as a Hybrid. Uncover the what components of this project create an the understanding of this building as a hybrid, what are the thresholds of this hybrid, and question the quality of this precedent as a hybrid. Analyze the use and hybridization of the precedent project and critique its virtue, success, failure.
3. Draw critical plans/sections/axons/sketches to demonstrate the precedents performance as a Hybrid and its specific use across time and space. Be creative in your choice of drawing types and styles as the presentation of these drawings must be responsible for communicating the complexity of the Hybrid.
4. Craft a modeling strategy and model to communicate the hybridity of the selected precedent. This model should express the qualities of the hybrid that drawings can not or do not communicate.
5. Deliver a 5 minute powerpoint presentation of the analysis of the precedent that explains the project as a hybrid (or not). Use your research, crafted drawings and models to clarify the hybridization and concept, and argue how the project’s context, situation, concept, use and/or performance contributes to it’s hybrid stature.
a. What are the components that contribute to the hybridity of this project? Context, environment, concept, use, performance, time, process, material, details, construction, etc.?
b. How did (or does) the cultural context of the precedent project influence the program/use of the Hybrid?
c. What are the primary, secondary, tertiary (etc) uses, spaces and sequences of the Hybrid?
d. Is this project a hybrid. Is it more or less successful a hybrid? Why?
e. Does it’s understanding as a hybrid come with any limitations or thresholds?
f. How does the project as a hybrid change or influence it’s context? Does it change our understanding of space? Does it change how people act? Does it make life more efficient? Does it make our society more thoughtful?
W 11 Sep Project assigned – select precedent and project partner
F 13 Sep Lecture: Precedent Research
First research compiled_Initial template for analysis developed
M 16 Sep First draft of an annotated conceptual section/plan/axon
W 18 Sep Workshop: Conceptual Modeling
First draft of precedent model due
F 20 Sep Final drawings and models in progress – printed at delivery size for pre-final review
M 23 Sep Final presentations and review
1 – 11×17 comparative analysis document (template to be created per studio)
1 – scaled annotated section, plan, axon or other drawing indicating program/use1 – conceptual model representing the specific Hybridization
1 – 5 min. presentation to be delivered as a projected presentation that poignantly explains the hybrid qualifications of the project
Note: the HYBRIDIZED use should be the primary organizing factor for each drawing and model.
-Pamphlet Architecture Hybrid Building (1985), Joseph Fenton, Princeton Architectural Press [pdf excerpt from instructors]
– Delirious New York, Definitive Instability: The Downtown Athletic Club [pdf excerpt from instructors]
– “This Is Hybrid (English and Spanish Edition): Aurora Fernández Per, Javier Mozas, Javier Arpa: a+t ediciones (January 1, 2011