Final reviews will be Wednesday and we will run all day long.  In the AM, Studios Glynn, Kanter, Parente, Williams and Zarse will review and in the afternoon, Studios Chadha, Park, Tinucci and Turley will review.

Please see review locations below:


We will begin the first session at 9am, and the second session at 2pm.  Please begin pinning up between 8 and 8:30a so that we can start on time.  Morning sessions will be cut off at 1:30pm sharp so that afternoon studios can begin pinning up.

The intent of the all day review is to afford you the opportunity to see the work and reviews of your friends and peers, and your presence for both sessions is expected.  For one half, present the work you have done with enthusiasm and conviction and for the other half, participate in and learn from the work of your classmates.   Please don’t disregard or disrespect this request.

To ensure this opportunity, everyone’s work is due tomorrow evening at 10p, and several of us will be there to see that your work is on your desk and ready to go.   If it is not, you will not be allowed to review with your group.  If you take exception to this, please discuss this with your respective professor.

A few final thoughts/reminders –

Present the project you have, not the one you wished you had or the one you think you have.  This is a classic mistake, and critics prey on it.  Make them work a bit.

And get some sleep.

Good luck.



Download PDF of assignment here: F14_3a_Hybrid ZOOM


Ultimately, architecture is judged based on how it contains and shapes experience.  Architecture’s primary role is to do so, and every concept or agenda must terminate in a manifestation that warrants being experienced.

Zoom in and explore your Hybrid up close and at a smaller scale.  How are your broader ideas about Hybridity exhibited through the smaller scale tectonics, details, intersections, spaces, and moments in your building. How are those moments made?


– Develop compelling experiences by infusing building systems, tectonics and details with the driving concepts and agendas of your Hybrid designs.

– Design space through use of larger scale models.

– Develop building systems that embody the agendas and concepts of your design process.

– Design the tectonics, materialities and building construction processes that shape space with the same agendas that shape the broader concepts of your design.

– Explore Hybridity at smaller scales, finding opportunities for experiences to be more than just the sum of their parts.


Select a compelling moment of your Hybrid building to ZOOM into and develop at a larger scale. The moment of the building could be anything from a series or intersection of spaces all the way to a single architectural detail or material connection.  The single criteria for the selection of the moment is that it must embody or exhibit your sensibilities regarding hybridity in the project and design.  Note:  There is no maximum or minimum size of the moment to develop, but be aware that the primary deliverable for this exploration is a model ranging in scale from ¼” to full scale that very roughly occupies 2500 cubic inches of space.



Starting from the ground, develop a building frame that satisfies the complex issues of creating a form, resolving all typical building loads necessary to support the building while still advancing your design agenda as much as necessary to satisfy your larger design intent.

Consider the following as you develop your structural system.

– Does your structural system have a common and/or governing logic for resolving all of the parts in relation to the whole?

– Have you studied alternatives and variations that meet your specific criteria and analyzed their pros and cons?

– Does your structure satisfy a broader agenda?  If so, how?  If not, why not?

– Is your structural system exposed or is it concealed, and what is your process for determining the most appropriate answer to these questions?


Develop an enclosure system that controls the environmental stability of your Hybrid as well as satisfies the larger design agendas you have established through your process.

Remember, an envelope is the primary means of controlling visual and physical access to our buildings as well as energy transmission to and from the spaces we create.  As such, we should consider these primary systems in the development of our enclosures:

Aesthetic – Both from the interior of the building and the exterior of the building, the enclosure system, often in conjunction with the structural system, forms the visual expression of our buildings, and this expression must be considered and developed with intent.  The agenda for the expression should be developed initially from our design process and realized through the specific use of materials, their connections and compositions.

Thermal – This system embodies the control of energy and moisture through the envelop and includes the primary means of waterproofing and insulating a building, as well as controlling the passage of water vapor.  These elements should form continuous lines of control and protection, and should only be compromised when absolutely necessary to satisfy other, and more important, agendas.

Use – Elements such as doorways and windows facilitate use, circulation and view, and must be manipulated strategically to choreograph a users experience in and through a building, and it, too, should be developed in conjunction with your larger Parti to become one with your overall design agenda.

TECTONICS “the science or art of assembling, shaping, or ornamenting materials in construction; the constructive arts in general.”

Space is defined by the physical consequence of construction.  The experience of that space is established by the tectonics, which can be described as the aesthetic and technical that characterize the entire building. Tectonics may refer to the individuality or combination of materiality, technical assembly,or the organizational principles or systems of a building.

Establish how a tectonic strategy could reinforce your concepts of Hybridity.  What are the elements that define the space and shape of the architecture, and how can they be developed and manipulated to alter experience in ways that reinforce your agendas and concepts?

DETAIL “a small part of something or a piece of the whole”

Mies said, “God is in the details”, and just as the notion of universal space is a defining characteristic of a building such as Crown Hall, so are small scale material applications and connections.  In the epitome of the detail, the experience of the space cannot be isolated from these small pieces of the whole.  The detail has the potential to be the ultimate Hybrid, where the whole is greater than any individual part.

Consider how details may play a role in shaping experience and rounding out the design agenda.


W Nov 05 Launch of new ‘lens’

F Nov 07 Lecture, desk crits

M Nov 10 Initial large scale models due

W Nov 12 In studio pin up/presentation/crits


The only deliverable for this short one week exercise will be a larger scale model no smaller than ¼” scale and not larger than 1:1.  While this is negotiable and entirely up to you and your agenda for exploration, the intent for the model is to roughly occupy a physical area no less than 2000 cubic inches ( 12 x 12 x 12 +/-)

The model should clearly detail the design, use and experience of the most compelling parts of your building, and they should demonstrate concepts of hybridity in their own right.

Models will be reviewed in studio on Wednesday, November 12th.

Hybrid Mid-Project Review TOMORROW

The Hybrid design project Mid-Project reviews are tomorrow in Crown Hall Upper Core and North Core from 2pm – 6pm.   We will review in studio sections and with invited critics.  The below diagram locates each of the studios in Crown.

F14_A305 HYBRID MID PROJECT REVIEW LOCATIONSPlease begin pinning up at 1:30 to ensure we are ready to begin promptly at 2:00pm.  The sooner we begin, the sooner we will wrap up.

Looking forward to seeing all the work tomorrow.


“Building Hybrid”  

From the Chicago Tribune  (Section 1, Page 20, 10/06/2013):

A century ago civic architect Daniel Burnham mapped a physical future for this city. He had intended to design social remedies as well but didn’t deliver. Today, with education failures, joblessness, crime and other intertwined challenges confronting Chicago with the fourth great crisis of its 176 years, the Tribune invites readers and organizations to finish Burnham’s work — to address the imperiled livability, uneven prosperity and desperate public finances that have driven residents to leave by the hundreds of thousands. In coming months, you, and we, will explore how this metropolis can better survive and thrive. Together, our mission echoes Burnham’s: Make no little plans.


The Metropolis is a dynamic context with both unparalleled potentials and challenges.  To face both, our thinking must be equally dynamic.

For the remainder of the semester, we will design and develop an architectural project that explores these potentials and challenges by creating new hybrid typologies that respond to the ever changing Metropolis.  Our research and exploration will be based on the existing demographic, social, political, architectural and technical conditions, and we will define new criteria and tools for developing original hybrid solutions that position buildings to remain relevant and responsive in our continually evolving culture.

We will work on two sites, one on Michigan Avenue and one on Fulton Market, and we will design a Hybrid Building that is to combine several disparate activities into a single building that is greater than the sum of its parts.  For each project you will be given a specific site, context and base building program.  You will explore that context and program, and develop new uses to hybridize with the base building.  With those, you will develop strategies and operations for exploring the potentials of their adjacency, and develop an authentic solution for a new building.


– perform research on building use and unknown building typologies and evolve new typologies to address current conditions.

research and document specific contexts and situations that contribute to current social, economic and political conditions

– develop a detailed space program from your research and building planning exercises

– use research to formulate problems and questions that are answered and transformed through your design process

– show different ways how critical components of your research and analyses get synthesized towards a design solution

– frame a position (or set of positions) on behalf of your analysis and in support of your conclusions.

– communicate your ideas precisely and deliver compelling and reasoned arguments

– represent your ideas through focused visual communication

– formulate an evocative representation of a design intent.

– lead a conversation of your ideas and work

– learn to see a building program as a list of uses as opposed to a list of spaces, and mine those uses for their potential to become building strategy


program exploration (due Friday, October 10th, 2pm):

You have already begun this project.  Your work from the past two weeks has given you new lenses through which to explore and analyze both  base building programs AND new programs to hybridize into the Hybrid Building.  Through these lenses, research the context of your particular project.  Establish the history of the situation, and the unique challenges and potentials presented by the design problem.   Research the variety of uses or potential uses that may ultimately compose the final hybrid solution, and critique their potentials.  Develop questions that begin to form the frameworks for design solutions and establish criteria and agendas for answering or refining the questions through a design process.  Agree to and standardize a format for researching the context within your studio, and present your findings on Friday, October 10th.

At the minimum, your research must document the following:

  1.  What is the history of your particular building/site context?
  2. Are there unique site conditions that contribute to the current situation?
  3. What are the potential programmatic uses for the hybrid design solution?
  4.  What are the specifics for each particular use?  Necessity?  Size? Connections between various other uses?
  5.  What questions are generated by the design problem?  What questions could be answered by the potential hybrid solution?
  6.  What problems exist with the current context/situation?  What problems could be created by the particular hybrid solution?

regulating systems deconstruction (deliverables per studio)

Architecture, the activity within, and the spaces and experiences that are developed within are shaped by the assembly of a multitude of building systems.  The richness and quality  of these experiences is directly related to the expert development and manipulation of these building systems.  The architect must analyze, prioritize and then weave these systems together in concert with one and other to develop solutions that are layered, responsive and relevant.

Following the Regulating Systems lecture on Friday October 10th, you will be asked to choose a regulating system for the project and deconstruct it by analyzing it fully.  The regulating systems will become our lenses and we will filter our programmatic explorations through these new lenses to develop new potentials and strategies for hybridizing our building solutions.

concept/concept modeling (concepting workshop in studio, Friday October 17th)

“Creativity is just connecting things. When you ask creative people how they did something, they feel a little guilty because they didn’t really do it, they just saw something. It seemed obvious to them after a while. That’s because they were able to connect experiences they’ve had and synthesize new things. -Steve Jobs

On Friday October 17th and over the following weekend, you will explore operational strategies for developing and demonstrating concepts for hybridization.  These strategies will not be representational, but more generative.  You will be asked to bring a variety of modeling supplies, and then explore the nature of the material and operations relevant to your developing notions of hybridization and build several concept models for your project.

More details on the concept modeling workshop to follow.

Parti/schematic design plan diagrams/schematic study model (due Monday, October 27th, 2pm – Midterm Review):

A Parti, from the French prendre parti meaning “to make a decision”, is often referred to as the big idea, and is the chief organizing thought or decision behind an architect’s design presented in the form of basic diagrams, models and/or simple statements.

Develop a presentation that frames your strategy by presenting your design process across scale and medium.  Convey the relevant analysis across scales. The success of this dialogue relies on your ability to frame your position and formulate questions.  Begin by clarifying your objectives and criteria. Where has your analysis led you, and what is now driving your process?  Frame the presentation as a curated set of drawings/images/diagrams and models.   Present your work with the intent of developing a conversation regarding the potential of your concept. A clear composition, a well-rehearsed and choreographed presentation, and artifacts of your process which show your design intent will allow for a deep and rich conversation.

schedule (key dates only):

F 03 Oct Project Launch, Modernity and Hybridity Lecture

F 10 Oct Program Research presentations, in studio, Regulating Systems Lecture

M 13 Oct NO CLASS, Fall Break

F 17 Oct Concepting Workshop (2pm, in studio, information will be provided prior)

M 20 Oct Regulating systems exploration due

W 22 Oct MCHAP Event, Attendance is required, NO STUDIO CLASS

M 27 Oct MID-TERM PRESENTATION, 2-6pm, Crown Hall Upper Core


For internal reviews between now and the midterm presentation, use criteria established in studio and your own agendas to properly document and present your process.

Note:  It is critical to develop a process that is at any given moment presentable.  Eliminate the threshold that you see as the place where design stops and presentation begins.  Always produce well crafted drawings and models that are properly formatted for presentation at any given moment.  This is the ultimate time saving strategy.

For the midterm (10/27/14) at the minimum you must present:

  1.  The key components of your research/analysis that have informed your current position. That is, your guide for how you plan to organize your work “on the wall”.
  2. A specific set of questions for your classmates and jurors during your presentation.
  3.  A comprehensive composition of artifacts/representations of your research and design work to date including research documentation, design process artifacts (sketches, study models, etc),  plan/programming diagrams, and a study model. These are the drawings and models that, in speaking for themselves, clearly present and substantiate your current design.  They should answer WHY, WHAT and HOW on their own terms, without your additional verbal support.