LENS SHIFT: 3a_Hybrid ZOOM

Download PDF of assignment here: F14_3a_Hybrid ZOOM

overview:

Ultimately, architecture is judged based on how it contains and shapes experience.  Architecture’s primary role is to do so, and every concept or agenda must terminate in a manifestation that warrants being experienced.

Zoom in and explore your Hybrid up close and at a smaller scale.  How are your broader ideas about Hybridity exhibited through the smaller scale tectonics, details, intersections, spaces, and moments in your building. How are those moments made?

objectives:

– Develop compelling experiences by infusing building systems, tectonics and details with the driving concepts and agendas of your Hybrid designs.

– Design space through use of larger scale models.

– Develop building systems that embody the agendas and concepts of your design process.

– Design the tectonics, materialities and building construction processes that shape space with the same agendas that shape the broader concepts of your design.

– Explore Hybridity at smaller scales, finding opportunities for experiences to be more than just the sum of their parts.

process:

Select a compelling moment of your Hybrid building to ZOOM into and develop at a larger scale. The moment of the building could be anything from a series or intersection of spaces all the way to a single architectural detail or material connection.  The single criteria for the selection of the moment is that it must embody or exhibit your sensibilities regarding hybridity in the project and design.  Note:  There is no maximum or minimum size of the moment to develop, but be aware that the primary deliverable for this exploration is a model ranging in scale from ¼” to full scale that very roughly occupies 2500 cubic inches of space.

criteria/considerations:

STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS

Starting from the ground, develop a building frame that satisfies the complex issues of creating a form, resolving all typical building loads necessary to support the building while still advancing your design agenda as much as necessary to satisfy your larger design intent.

Consider the following as you develop your structural system.

– Does your structural system have a common and/or governing logic for resolving all of the parts in relation to the whole?

– Have you studied alternatives and variations that meet your specific criteria and analyzed their pros and cons?

– Does your structure satisfy a broader agenda?  If so, how?  If not, why not?

– Is your structural system exposed or is it concealed, and what is your process for determining the most appropriate answer to these questions?

ENVELOPE

Develop an enclosure system that controls the environmental stability of your Hybrid as well as satisfies the larger design agendas you have established through your process.

Remember, an envelope is the primary means of controlling visual and physical access to our buildings as well as energy transmission to and from the spaces we create.  As such, we should consider these primary systems in the development of our enclosures:

Aesthetic – Both from the interior of the building and the exterior of the building, the enclosure system, often in conjunction with the structural system, forms the visual expression of our buildings, and this expression must be considered and developed with intent.  The agenda for the expression should be developed initially from our design process and realized through the specific use of materials, their connections and compositions.

Thermal – This system embodies the control of energy and moisture through the envelop and includes the primary means of waterproofing and insulating a building, as well as controlling the passage of water vapor.  These elements should form continuous lines of control and protection, and should only be compromised when absolutely necessary to satisfy other, and more important, agendas.

Use – Elements such as doorways and windows facilitate use, circulation and view, and must be manipulated strategically to choreograph a users experience in and through a building, and it, too, should be developed in conjunction with your larger Parti to become one with your overall design agenda.

TECTONICS “the science or art of assembling, shaping, or ornamenting materials in construction; the constructive arts in general.”

Space is defined by the physical consequence of construction.  The experience of that space is established by the tectonics, which can be described as the aesthetic and technical that characterize the entire building. Tectonics may refer to the individuality or combination of materiality, technical assembly,or the organizational principles or systems of a building.

Establish how a tectonic strategy could reinforce your concepts of Hybridity.  What are the elements that define the space and shape of the architecture, and how can they be developed and manipulated to alter experience in ways that reinforce your agendas and concepts?

DETAIL “a small part of something or a piece of the whole”

Mies said, “God is in the details”, and just as the notion of universal space is a defining characteristic of a building such as Crown Hall, so are small scale material applications and connections.  In the epitome of the detail, the experience of the space cannot be isolated from these small pieces of the whole.  The detail has the potential to be the ultimate Hybrid, where the whole is greater than any individual part.

Consider how details may play a role in shaping experience and rounding out the design agenda.

schedule:

W Nov 05 Launch of new ‘lens’

F Nov 07 Lecture, desk crits

M Nov 10 Initial large scale models due

W Nov 12 In studio pin up/presentation/crits

deliverables

The only deliverable for this short one week exercise will be a larger scale model no smaller than ¼” scale and not larger than 1:1.  While this is negotiable and entirely up to you and your agenda for exploration, the intent for the model is to roughly occupy a physical area no less than 2000 cubic inches ( 12 x 12 x 12 +/-)

The model should clearly detail the design, use and experience of the most compelling parts of your building, and they should demonstrate concepts of hybridity in their own right.

Models will be reviewed in studio on Wednesday, November 12th.

Assignment 4b: Building Systems

BUILDING SYSTEMS

overview:
As with every building design project, once the driving principles have been established, the architect’s job is to then turn the idea into a building by developing and composing the building systems into space.  Your job is to now complete the design of the Lincoln Park Boathouse through the development of the key building systems – plan, section, structure and enclosure.   A great project will use the developed Parti to lead the design process for every one of these systems, allowing the building systems to fully embody the idea, just as the programmatic organization or site strategies have.

objectives:
– learn to use your Parti as the primary driver of all building systems
– develop and produce plans and sections that investigate and convey space and experience through intelligent and creative use of drawing conventions.
– understand the relationship between building systems and spatial experience.
– develop structural frames and enclosure systems that embody the larger ideas and ideals of a project.
– understand the performance criteria of an enclosure system and learn to develop enclosure systems that meet those functional requirements while advancing design agendas.

criteria/program:
PART 1 – STRUCTURAL SYSTEM
Starting from the ground, develop a building frame that satisfies the complex issues of creating a form, resolving all typical building loads necessary to support the building while still advancing your design agenda as much as necessary to satisfy your larger design intent.

Consider the following as you develop your structural system.
– Does your structural system have a common and/or governing logic for resolving all of the parts in relation to the whole?
– Have you studied alternatives and variations that meet your specific criteria and analyzed their pros and cons?
– Does your structure satisfy a broader agenda?  If so, how?  If not, why not?
– Is your structural system exposed or is it concealed, and what is your process for determining the most appropriate answer to these questions?

PART 2 – PLAN AND SECTION
Using conventional drawing means, develop detailed plans and sections for your Boathouse.   Plan and Section are two of the most typical and useful means of communicating space and spatial relationships, but they should also be used as a means of investigation and exploration.

To draw successful plans and sections, it is critical to have an intent for the drawings.  Consider the varieties of systems we have been working with and designing and determine methods for communicating each of these systems in your drawings.  Let the convention of drawing also find ways to express your larger ideas and agendas.

When investigating, consider the following:
– the thickness of your lines
– the thickness of your systems (walls, enclosure)
– materiality
– interior versus exterior
– poche
– building systems (circulation, use, structure)
– context

PART 3 – ENVELOPE
Develop an enclosure system, composed of all of the parts/systems discussed in our Box for Boats assignment and Wall Section lecture, that controls the environmental stability of your Boathouse as well as satisfies the larger design agendas you have established through your Parti.

Remember, an envelope is the primary means of controlling visual and physical access to our buildings as well as energy transmission to and from the spaces we create.  As such, we should consider these primary systems in the development of our enclosures:

Aesthetic – Both from the interior of the building and the exterior of the building, the enclosure system, often in conjunction with the structural system, forms the visual expression of our buildings, and this expression must be considered and developed with intent.  The agenda for the expression should be developed initially from our Parti and realized through the specific use of materials, their connections and compositions.

Thermal – This system embodies the control of energy and moisture through the envelope and includes the primary means of waterproofing and insulating a building, as well as controlling the passage of water vapor.  These elements should form continuous lines of control and protection, and should only be compromised when absolutely necessary to satisfy other, and more important, agendas.

Use – Elements such as doorways and windows facilitate use, circulation and view, and must be manipulated strategically to choreograph a users experience in and through a building, and it, too, should be developed in conjunction with your larger Parti to become one with your overall design agenda.

deliverables:
The deliverables for this phase will be any necessary drawings, models and visualizations to convey the development of these systems and the overall design for your Boathouse project.   Drawings can and should include any information necessary to convey your process and your broader intent, including diagrams and Parti’s.   Drawings will not be limited but should include at a minimum, building plans and building/site sections, a minimum of 2 enlarged details/wall sections that convey the details and relationship of your structure and enclosure, and representations necessary to convey the materiality of your project and its desired effect.   Other drawings that attempt to convey the spatial experience of your boathouse are strongly encouraged.

Models can include any massing or study models, or enlarged enclosure/structural models.  Models will not be limited, but at a minimum a well-considered study/massing model and a model representing your building frame at a minimum scale of 1/16” will be required.

All information should be composed on individual 11×17’s pages oriented horizontally.