Slides from Friday’s lecture: F14_A305_ZOOM_Hybridizing Systems_141107
Slides from the Regulating Systems lecture here: F14_A305_Regulating Systems_141012+
As with every building design project, once the driving principles have been established, the architect’s job is to then turn the idea into a building by developing and composing the building systems into space. Your job is to now complete the design of your hybrid through the development of the key building systems – plan, section, structure, material and enclosure. A successful project will use the developed hybrid concepts and organizing principles to lead the design process for every one of these systems, allowing the building systems to fully embody the idea, just as the programmatic organizations and site strategies have.
One catch – because your buildings are large, and the time is short, we will be finalizing just a portion of your building project. Choose the most compelling area/section/spaces of your project totaling roughly 3000-5000 square feet. The area you choose must include at least two exterior walls, and 3 interior structural bays – roughly. We will finalize the design of the project primarily in model form.
NOTE: Processes will differ between studio. As always, please defer to your studio instructor for deviations or further specifics.
– learn to use your concepts and organizing principles as the primary driver of all building systems
– understand the relationship between building systems and spatial experience.
– develop structural frames and enclosure systems that embody the larger ideas and ideals of a project.
– understand the performance criteria of an enclosure system and learn to develop enclosure systems that meet those functional requirements while advancing design agendas.
– design primarily in model form
Starting from the ground, develop a building frame that satisfies the complex issues of creating a form, resolving all typical building loads necessary to support the building while still advancing your design agenda as much as necessary to satisfy your larger design intent.
Consider the following as you develop your structural system.
– Does your structural system have a common and/or governing logic for resolving all of the parts in relation to the whole?
– Have you studied alternatives and variations that meet your specific criteria and analyzed their pros and cons?
– Does your structure satisfy a broader agenda? If so, how? If not, why not?
– Is your structural system exposed or is it concealed, and what is your process for determining the most appropriate answer to these questions?
PLAN AND SECTION
Using conventional drawing means, develop detailed plans and sections for the portion of your Hybrid. Plan and Section are two of the most typical and useful means of communicating space and spatial relationships, but they should also be used as a means of investigation and exploration.
To draw successful plans and sections, it is critical to have an intent for the drawings. Consider the varieties of systems we have been working with and designing and determine methods for communicating each of these systems in your drawings. Let the convention of drawing also find ways to express your larger ideas and agendas.
When investigating, consider the following:
– the thickness of your lines
– the thickness of your systems (walls, enclosure)
– interior versus exterior
– building systems (circulation, use, structure)
Develop an enclosure system that controls the environmental stability of your Hybrid as well as satisfies the larger design agendas you have established through your process.
Remember, an envelope is the primary means of controlling visual and physical access to our buildings as well as energy transmission to and from the spaces we create. As such, we should consider these primary systems in the development of our enclosures:
Aesthetic – Both from the interior of the building and the exterior of the building, the enclosure system, often in conjunction with the structural system, forms the visual expression of our buildings, and this expression must be considered and developed with intent. The agenda for the expression should be developed initially from our design process and realized through the specific use of materials, their connections and compositions.
Thermal – This system embodies the control of energy and moisture through the envelop and includes the primary means of waterproofing and insulating a building, as well as controlling the passage of water vapor. These elements should form continuous lines of control and protection, and should only be compromised when absolutely necessary to satisfy other, and more important, agendas.
Use – Elements such as doorways and windows facilitate use, circulation and view, and must be manipulated strategically to choreograph a users experience in and through a building, and it, too, should be developed in conjunction with your larger agenda to become one with your overall design agenda.
deliverables (DUE – November 20, 2013, 9am – FINAL REVIEWS):
The primary deliverable for the final project will be a larger scale model, roughly ⅜” = 1’-0”. The model should clearly detail the design, use and spatial experience of the most compelling parts of your Hybrid. Additional deliverables for this phase will be any necessary drawings, models and visualizations to convey the development of these systems and the overall design for your project. Drawings can and should include any information necessary to convey your process and your broader intent, including diagrams, sketches, and study models. Drawings will not be limited but should include at a minimum, building/site plans and building/site sections, enlarged spatial sections that convey the relationship between the structure, enclosure and spatial experience, and any other drawings or representations necessary to convey the materiality and spatial experience of your project and its desired effect.
All information should be composed on individual 11×17’s pages oriented horizontally.
Envelop : to enclose or enfold completely with or as if with a covering. (Old French) envoloper, from en + voloper “to wrap”
Wrap: 1. To cover, especially by winding or folding 2. to envelop and secure 3. to enclose by grasping or embracing 4. to coil, fold, draw or twine about something 5. to conceal or obscure as if by enveloping 6. to put on clothing 7. to be subject to covering, enclosing or packaging
Skin is the soft outer covering of vertebrates. The adjective cutaneous means “of the skin” (from Latin cutis, skin). In mammals, the skin is the largest organ made up of multiple layers of ectodermal tissue, and guards the underlying muscles, bones, ligaments and internal organs. Skin plays a key role in protecting (the body) against pathogens and excessive water loss. Its other functions are insulation, temperature regulation, sensation, and the protection of vitamin D folates.
– use the Parti to lead the design process
– allow the enclosure to fully support the idea of parti
– control visual and physical access to our building
– understand the relationship between enclosure and spatial experience
– develop enclosure that meets functional requirements while advancing design agendas
– study alternatives and variations that meet your specific criteria
TOOLS the following items will be needed for the workshop…
basswood from Structures Workshop
NOTE: you must bring 3 fully assembled structural models of a single significant corner or your project to apply enclosure to on Friday. Models should be ¼”= 1’-0” structural frames of 2 bays at an important corner of your project.(primary and secondary structure only). We will apply enclosure/skin to each of the three frames.
And, bring three enclosure precedencies, that you have researched that have relationship to your thinking of parti.
have handy the diagrams that contributed to your development of parti
1. white paper or card stock and colored paper/card stock for cutting and wrapping structural models.
2. fat colored markers
3. colored pencils
4. trace or other paper for sketching/diagramming and layering
5. scissors, knives and safe cutting implements
part 1 – lecture (1:50-3:00) – Perlstein Auditorium
supporting parti with enclosure. a great project will use the parti to lead the design process
understand the relationship between enclosure and spatial experience.
envelope is the primary means of controlling visual and physical access to our building as doorways and windows facilitate use, circulation and view
the interior of the building and the exterior of the building, the enclosure system, often in conjunction with the structural system, forms the visual expression of our buildings
the development of common and/or governing logic to resolve all of the parts in relation to the whole.
material strategies, their connections and compositions. tactical approaches to using material and fenestration
part 2 – unwrapping (3:00-4:00)
Wrap each structural model fully with white paper to enclose the corner location for the conditioned portion of your boathouse project. Cut, pierce, remove and unwrap as required to establish a strategy for open and closed as well as additional strategies and criteria identified in developing your parti. Decide where to cut or how to cut in order to unwrap the building’s logic and parti.
Consider the same list of criteria used in the generation of your parti diagrams to identify different strategies for unwrapping.
discover enclosure in 3 iterations using these three main divisions of enclosure:
interior: definition of interior space
interstitial: mediation of physical differences between inside and outside
exterior: object and spacial definition in the site
part 3 – wrapping (4:00-5:30)
beginning with your unwrapped versions begin to rewrap or add to the model using material and scale considerations. rapidly generate a minimum of 3 potential enclosure strategies that have relation to your parti.
work to define your enclosures to their most essential components
enclosures are often the result of multiple layers and tactics. in your work to generate enclosure, focus on the different layers within an overall system
enclosures are assembled of materials. entertain material selections and consider how each material tactic communicates a different set of visual understandings
explore how your material selections are able to turn a corner, act in horizontal or vertical or respond to meeting another material.
part 4 – discussion (5:30- end of class)
In your studio or in groups of studios, present your enclosure iteration discoveries and be prepared to discuss the logic and process embodied in the enclosure models you have generated.
now that you have enclosure strategies and tactics, develop a level of control and definition through elevation drawings.
all layers must find relation to the existing structural frame. The structure is needed to support the materials in relation to gravity and wind. the scale of materials used for the enclosure of buildings, are limited by their manufactured and structural capacities. a tertiary structural system will be employed in the service of the enclosure strategy after the enclosure is studied and understood. choose one iteration of your enclosure studies to test the relation between tertiary structure in support of enclosure.
develop enclosure systems that meet functional requirements while advancing design agendas. this system embodies the control of energy and moisture through the envelope and includes the primary means of waterproofing and insulating a building, as well as controlling the passage of water vapor. these elements should form continuous lines of control and protection, and should only be compromised when absolutely necessary to satisfy other, and more important, agendas.