finish!_hybrid building part 2

“Building Hybrid”  



As with every building design project, once the driving principles have been established, the architect’s job is to then turn the idea into a building by developing and composing the building systems into space. Your job is to now complete the design of your hybrid through the development of the key building systems – plan, section, structure, material and enclosure. A successful project will use the developed hybrid concepts and organizing principles to lead the design process for every one of these systems, allowing the building systems to fully embody the idea, just as the programmatic organizations and site strategies have.

One catch – because your buildings are large, and the time is short, we will be finalizing just a portion of your building project.  Choose the most compelling area/section/spaces of your project totaling roughly 3000-5000 square feet.  The area you choose must include at least two exterior walls, and 3 interior structural bays – roughly.  We will finalize the design of the project primarily in model form.

 NOTE: Processes will differ between studio.  As always, please defer to your studio instructor for deviations or further specifics.


– learn to use your concepts and organizing principles as the primary driver of all building systems

– understand the relationship between building systems and spatial experience.

– develop structural frames and enclosure systems that embody the larger ideas and ideals of a project.

– understand the performance criteria of an enclosure system and learn to develop enclosure systems that meet those functional requirements while advancing design agendas.

– design primarily in model form




Starting from the ground, develop a building frame that satisfies the complex issues of creating a form, resolving all typical building loads necessary to support the building while still advancing your design agenda as much as necessary to satisfy your larger design intent.

Consider the following as you develop your structural system.

– Does your structural system have a common and/or governing logic for resolving all of the parts in relation to the whole?

– Have you studied alternatives and variations that meet your specific criteria and analyzed their pros and cons?

– Does your structure satisfy a broader agenda?  If so, how?  If not, why not?

– Is your structural system exposed or is it concealed, and what is your process for determining the most appropriate answer to these questions?



Using conventional drawing means, develop detailed plans and sections for the portion of your Hybrid.  Plan and Section are two of the most typical and useful means of communicating space and spatial relationships, but they should also be used as a means of investigation and exploration.

To draw successful plans and sections, it is critical to have an intent for the drawings.  Consider the varieties of systems we have been working with and designing and determine methods for communicating each of these systems in your drawings.  Let the convention of drawing also find ways to express your larger ideas and agendas.

When investigating, consider the following:

– the thickness of your lines

– the thickness of your systems (walls, enclosure)

– materiality

– interior versus exterior

– poche

– building systems (circulation, use, structure)

– context



Develop an enclosure system that controls the environmental stability of your Hybrid as well as satisfies the larger design agendas you have established through your process.

Remember, an envelope is the primary means of controlling visual and physical access to our buildings as well as energy transmission to and from the spaces we create.  As such, we should consider these primary systems in the development of our enclosures:

Aesthetic – Both from the interior of the building and the exterior of the building, the enclosure system, often in conjunction with the structural system, forms the visual expression of our buildings, and this expression must be considered and developed with intent.  The agenda for the expression should be developed initially from our design process and realized through the specific use of materials, their connections and compositions.

Thermal – This system embodies the control of energy and moisture through the envelop and includes the primary means of waterproofing and insulating a building, as well as controlling the passage of water vapor.  These elements should form continuous lines of control and protection, and should only be compromised when absolutely necessary to satisfy other, and more important, agendas.

Use – Elements such as doorways and windows facilitate use, circulation and view, and must be manipulated strategically to choreograph a users experience in and through a building, and it, too, should be developed in conjunction with your larger agenda to become one with your overall design agenda.

deliverables (DUE – November 20, 2013, 9am – FINAL REVIEWS):

The primary deliverable for the final project will be a larger scale model, roughly ⅜” = 1’-0”.  The model should clearly detail the design, use and spatial experience of the most compelling parts of your Hybrid.  Additional deliverables for this phase will be any necessary drawings, models and visualizations to convey the development of these systems and the overall design for your project.   Drawings can and should include any information necessary to convey your process and your broader intent, including diagrams, sketches, and study models.   Drawings will not be limited but should include at a minimum, building/site plans and building/site sections, enlarged spatial sections that convey the relationship between the structure, enclosure and spatial experience, and any other drawings or representations necessary to convey the materiality and spatial experience of your project and its desired effect.

All information should be composed on individual 11×17’s pages oriented horizontally.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s